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strongswan_ipsec_os_x

strongSwan & OS X 10.8.x

Install software

  • Install Debian 7
  • apt-get install build-essential
  • apt-get ntp gmp libgmp3-dev
  • download strongswan-5.0.4.tar.gz
  • ./configure
  • make
  • make install

Configure server

iptables
#Allow ipsec
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -i eth0 -d $EXT0 --dport 500  -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -i eth0 -d $EXT0 --dport 4500  -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT


iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.0.0.0/24 -o eth0 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.0.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
Enable forwarding

/etc/sysctl.conf

net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Reload: sysctl -p

Generate keys
KEYDIR=/root/keys
rm -rf $KEYDIR/*

#C=Country code
#O=Organisation
#CN=Server FQDN

echo generating CA Certificate
ipsec pki --gen --outform pem > $KEYDIR/caKey.pem
ipsec pki --self --in $KEYDIR/caKey.pem --dn "C=NL, O=org, CN=vpn.org.nl" --ca --outform pem > $KEYDIR/caCert.pem

echo generating Server certificate
ipsec pki --gen --outform pem > $KEYDIR/serverKey.pem
ipsec pki --pub --in $KEYDIR/serverKey.pem | ipsec pki --issue --cacert $KEYDIR/caCert.pem --cakey $KEYDIR/caKey.pem \
          --dn "C=NL, O=org, CN=vpn.org.nl" --san="vpn.org.nl" \
          --flag serverAuth --flag ikeIntermediate --outform pem > $KEYDIR/serverCert.pem

echo generating Client certificate
ipsec pki --gen --outform pem > $KEYDIR/clientKey.pem
ipsec pki --pub --in $KEYDIR/clientKey.pem | ipsec pki --issue --cacert $KEYDIR/caCert.pem --cakey $KEYDIR/caKey.pem \
          --dn "C=NL, O=org, CN=client" --outform pem > $KEYDIR/clientCert.pem

echo generating PKCS12 file
openssl pkcs12 -export -inkey $KEYDIR/clientKey.pem -in $KEYDIR/clientCert.pem -name "client" \
               -certfile $KEYDIR/caCert.pem -caname "vpn.org.nl" -out $KEYDIR/clientCert.p12


echo Copy keys
cp $KEYDIR/caCert.pem /usr/local/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/
cp $KEYDIR/serverCert.pem /usr/local/etc/ipsec.d/certs/
cp $KEYDIR/serverKey.pem /usr/local/etc/ipsec.d/private/

cp $KEYDIR/clientCert.pem /usr/local/etc/ipsec.d/certs/
cp $KEYDIR/clientKey.pem /usr/local/etc/ipsec.d/private/
Configure IPsec

/usr/local/etc/ipsec.conf

config setup

conn iososx
        keyexchange=ikev1
        authby=xauthrsasig
        xauth=server
        left=%defaultroute
        leftsubnet=0.0.0.0/0
        leftfirewall=yes
        leftcert=serverCert.pem
        right=%any
        rightsubnet=10.0.0.0/24
        rightsourceip=10.0.0.2
        rightcert=clientCert.pem
        auto=add

/usr/local/etc/ipsec.secrets

: RSA serverKey.pem
yourusername : XAUTH "yourpassword"

/usr/local/etc/strongswan.conf

# for strongSwan 5.0.0+
charon {
  dns1 = 1.2.3.4 #your DNS servers
  dns2 = 2.3.4.5
}
Stop/start/status IPsec and logging

Status:

ipsec status

Stop:

ipsec stop

Start:

ipsec start

Logging: /var/log/syslog

Configure OS X

For Mac OS X, open Keychain.app and import the clientCert.p12 into the System keychain, then mark as “Always Trusted”. If you're running into trouble with the negotiation, make sure that in the Access Control tab of the private key, all applications are allowed to access it.

Configure VPN

Troubleshooting

Entropy

If 'ipsec pki' seems to hang, you probably don't have enough entropy. Install haveged.

apt-get install haveged

You can check the available entropy:

cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail
Test your IP-address
strongswan_ipsec_os_x.txt · Last modified: 2014/06/10 13:15 by admin