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apu_ubuntu [2019/02/01 08:37]
admin
apu_ubuntu [2019/02/24 15:05] (current)
admin [Post installation steps]
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 =====PC Engines APU2 - Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server ===== =====PC Engines APU2 - Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server =====
 +Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS on a PC Engines APU2 board.
 +
 +If you're using an **APU1** board, try the section [[#​prepare_a_usb_drive_optional|Prepare a USB drive (optional)]] to create a prepared USB-drive first. Then boot from USB (press F12, during boot) and select ''​Command-line install''​ and proceed with the installation.
  
-====Prepare a USB drive==== 
-  * [[https://​www.ubuntu.com/​download/​alternative-downloads|Download the latest Ubuntu server net install mini.iso for amd64 architecture.]] 
-  * Extract downloaded ISO and copy the files to a temporary location:<​code>​ 
-sudo mkdir /mnt/iso 
-sudo mount -o loop ~/​Downloads/​mini.iso /mnt/iso 
-cd /mnt 
-tar -cvf - iso | (cd /var/tmp/ && tar -xf - ) 
-cd /​var/​tmp/​iso</​code>​ 
-  * Modify ''/​var/​tmp/​iso/​isolinux.cfg''<​code>​serial 0 115200 
-console 0 
-path 
-include menu.cfg 
-default vesamenu.c32 
-prompt 0 
-timeout 0</​code>​ 
-  * Modify ''​Command-line install'':​ ''/​var/​tmp/​iso/​txt.cfg''<​code>​ 
-append file=/​cdrom/​preseed/​ubuntu-server.seed vga=off initrd=/​install/​initrd.gz console=ttyS0,​115200n8 ---</​code>​ 
-  * Create a new ISO file (this was done from Fedora):<​code>​xorriso -as mkisofs -R -J -V "​Ubuntu-Server 18.04 LTS amd64" \ 
--o ~/file.iso -b isolinux.bin -c boot.cat -no-emul-boot \ 
--boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \ 
--isohybrid-mbr /​usr/​share/​syslinux/​isohdpfx.bin .</​code>​ 
-  * Write the new image to the USB drive:<​code>​sudo dd if=~/​file.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4k conv=fsync status=progress</​code>​ 
 ====Install Ubuntu 18.04==== ====Install Ubuntu 18.04====
-  * Connect the USB drive to the APU board and boot from USB (F10 / F12).\\ +  ​* dd Ubuntu server netinstall (mini.iso) to USB drive [[https://​www.ubuntu.com/​download/​alternative-downloads]],​ be sure to select the amd64 arch. 
-  * Select ''​Command-Line install''​.+  ​* Connect the USB drive to the APU2 board and boot from USB, press F10 at boot
 +  * Select ''​Install''​, then TAB. 
 +  * Change kernel options to ''​linux initrd=initrd.gz console=ttyS0,​115200''​
   * When asked to unmount mounted partitions choose ''​Yes''​.   * When asked to unmount mounted partitions choose ''​Yes''​.
   * Install options as you like.   * Install options as you like.
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 GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="​console=ttyS0,​115200n8"​ GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="​console=ttyS0,​115200n8"​
  
-sudo update grub+sudo update-grub
 </​code>​ </​code>​
   * Reboot to test the update grub configuration.   * Reboot to test the update grub configuration.
- +===Networking=== 
 +  * Edit ''/​etc/​netplan/​01-netcfg.yaml''<​code>​ 
 +# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system 
 +# For more information,​ see netplan(5). 
 +network: 
 +  version: 2 
 +  renderer: networkd 
 +  ethernets:​ 
 +    enp1s0: 
 +      addresses:​ 
 +        - 10.10.10.2/​24 
 +      gateway4: 10.10.10.1 
 +      nameservers:​ 
 +          search: [mydomain, otherdomain] 
 +          addresses: [10.10.10.1,​ 1.1.1.1] 
 +</​code>​ 
 +  * Apply config:<​code>​netplan apply</​code>​
 ====Misc==== ====Misc====
 +  * Install and start openssh:<​code>​apt install openssh-server</​code>​
 +  * Enable firewall:<​code>​ufw allow ssh
 +ufw enable</​code>​
   * Multi-user target (not graphical):<​code>​sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target</​code>​   * Multi-user target (not graphical):<​code>​sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target</​code>​
   * Configure timezone:<​code>​dpkg-reconfigure tzdata</​code>​   * Configure timezone:<​code>​dpkg-reconfigure tzdata</​code>​
   * Configure locale:<​code>​dpkg-reconfigure locales</​code>​   * Configure locale:<​code>​dpkg-reconfigure locales</​code>​
 +
 +===Watchdog===
 +It seems the sp5100_tco module is blacklisted by default in ''/​lib/​modprobe.d''​. We need to override that and blacklist some conflicting modules.
 +
 +  * Blacklist conflicting modules:<​code>​cat >> /​etc/​modprobe.d/​blacklist-i2c-ccp.conf <<EOF
 +blacklist i2c_piix4
 +blacklist ccp
 +EOF</​code>​
 +  * Update the initramfs:<​code>​update-initramfs -u</​code>​
 +  * Install watchdog:<​code>​apt install watchdog</​code>​
 +  * Add module to config:<​code>​vi /​etc/​default/​watchdog ​
 +# Load module before starting watchdog
 +watchdog_module="​sp5100_tco"​
 +</​code>​
 +  * Edit ''/​etc/​watchdog.conf'':<​code>​
 +watchdog-device = /​dev/​watchdog
 +</​code>​
 +  * Reboot to test:<​code>​dmesg | grep sp5100_tco</​code>​
 +  * Kill watchdog, it should restart your system after some time:<​code>​pkill -9 watchdog
 +# if wd_keepalive is started, also kill that
 +pkill -9 wd_keepalive</​code>​
 +
 ===PC speaker=== ===PC speaker===
   * Install beep:<​code>​apt install beep</​code>​   * Install beep:<​code>​apt install beep</​code>​
Line 78: Line 101:
 systemctl enable beeponshut systemctl enable beeponshut
 </​code>​ </​code>​
 +
 +=====Prepare a USB drive (optional)=====
 +  * Install required packages:<​code>​apt install xorriso isolinux</​code>​
 +  * [[https://​www.ubuntu.com/​download/​alternative-downloads|Download the latest Ubuntu server net install mini.iso for amd64 architecture.]]
 +  * Extract downloaded ISO and copy the files to a temporary location:<​code>​
 +sudo mkdir /mnt/iso
 +sudo mount -o loop ~/​Downloads/​mini.iso /mnt/iso
 +cd /mnt
 +tar -cvf - iso | (cd /var/tmp/ && tar -xf - )
 +cd /​var/​tmp/​iso</​code>​
 +  * Modify ''​isolinux.cfg''<​code>​serial 0 115200
 +console 0
 +path
 +include menu.cfg
 +default vesamenu.c32
 +prompt 0
 +timeout 0</​code>​
 +  * Modify __cli / Command-line install__: ''​txt.cfg''<​code>​
 +#From:
 +append tasks=standard pkgsel/​language-pack-patterns= pkgsel/​install-language-support=false vga=788 initrd=initrd.gz --- quiet 
 +
 +#To:
 +append tasks=standard pkgsel/​language-pack-patterns= pkgsel/​install-language-support=false vga=off initrd=initrd.gz console=ttyS0,​115200n8 ---
 +
 +</​code>​
 +  * Create a new ISO file:<​code>​
 +#Fedora host:
 +xorriso -as mkisofs -R -J -V "​Ubuntu-Server 18.04 LTS amd64" \
 +-o ~/file.iso -b isolinux.bin -c boot.cat -no-emul-boot \
 +-boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \
 +-isohybrid-mbr /​usr/​share/​syslinux/​isohdpfx.bin .
 +
 +#Ubuntu host:
 +xorriso -as mkisofs -R -J -V "​Ubuntu-Server 18.04 LTS amd64" \
 +-o ~/file.iso -b isolinux.bin -c boot.cat -no-emul-boot \
 +-boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \
 +-isohybrid-mbr /​usr/​lib/​ISOLINUX/​isohdpfx.bin .
 +
 +
 +
 +</​code>​
 +  * Write the new image to the USB drive:<​code>​sudo dd if=~/​file.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4M</​code>​
  
 {{tag>​[hardware apu apu1 apu2 Ubuntu linux ]}} {{tag>​[hardware apu apu1 apu2 Ubuntu linux ]}}
apu_ubuntu.1549006663.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/02/01 08:37 by admin